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A Collector's Book of Retired Lladró

Genuine Figurines & Their Marks

by Peggy Whiteneck
Deals with all Lladró brands!

For those interested in glass figurines, Fenton Art Glass Beasts, Birds & Butterflies is another of Peggy's books!

Also for those interested in glass, Fenton Art Glass Fairy Lamps & Lights is Peggy's latest book! It focuses on small, candle-lit "lamps" that were first used in the Victorian era to light dark hallways before the invention of gaslight or electricity.

The publisher for these works has gone out of business, but I am pursuing other publishing options for revised and expanded editions of all three. Stay tuned! In the meantime, you can still find advance-ordered and used copies of these books at online booksellers.

Glossary of Terms in 20th Century Spanish Porcelain

A mark that appears as a colored stamp, usually applied as a paint "chip" that then opens out as the mark during kiln firing.
Sometimes used interchangeably with the term "matte" but more properly reserved to an unglazed porcelain that is completely white and unpainted
Sometimes used as a synonym for porcelain, but porcelain is actually one type among many included in the broader term "ceramic." Some ceramics are made of a soft and relatively brittle paste. Not allc eramics, then, are made of porcelain.
A shiny surface produced by the thin (usually spray-applied) application of a clear glaze
A series of Lladró sculptures by Enrique San Isidro and made of a porcelain formula that is claylike and malleable. It holds the imprint of the artist's fingers as well as the pattern of whatever textile is pressed into it as it is being worked.
A special porcelain formula characterized by matte, usually earthen-toned colors and having portions colored with enamel paints

"Repose" (#22169) is done in the Gres formula. First issued in 1987, it is being produced today at a retail price of $225 USD. Note the earthen-toned colors and the matte skin surfaces, which are typically also done in darker colors, making this formula especially well suited to the depiction of ethnic themes. (A larger picture of this item can be seen on the "Slide Show" page.)(Photo by the author from her own collection.)

Flowers applied to fine porcelain. Application is usually made with liquid porcelain or porcelain glaze so that the adhesive is invisible.
Hard-paste porcelain
As distinguished from soft-paste or semi-porcelain, "hard-paste" (so called for its durability both pre- and post-manufacture) is also called "true porcelain," the formula for which was discovered/invented in China centuries ago. The code for this formula was eventually cracked by 18th century Meissen chemists in Germany. Its key ingredients are kaolin clay and petunse stone. Today, Lladró uses basically the same ancient formula for true porcelain (with a few arcane additions of its own to the formula) and the same molding and assembly processes used by Meissen since the 18th century.
The attribution information on the base of fine porcelain, typically consisting of manufacturer's name and place of manufacture and some sort of manufacturer's logo. Marks may be inscribed (etched), embossed (raised), painted, or stamped. (See "backstamp.")
Unglazed surface (see also "Bisque")
A "one-of-a-kind" item that never went into actual production.
An item of second-quality merchandise, typically sold by high-end porcelain manufacturers at the factory of origin and usually indicated by an alteration of the mark. On Lladró, this would be the scraping off of the logo flower above the name. A common way to indicate a second at other porcelain manufactories (including Meissen and Royal Copenhagen) is through a slash or hash scratched through the mark.
Porcelain in its liquid form

A Collector's Book of Retired Lladró

by Peggy Whiteneck
published by
Old Line Publishing, LLC
Hampstead, Maryland

The publisher for this book has ceased publication, and I am now at work on a revised and expanded edition, with a couple of promising leads for a new publishing option. For the moment, then, this book will only be available on the retail market from advance-ordered stock. You can still buy it used - but avoid the scalpers and DO NOT PAY HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS FOR THESE SECOND-HAND BOOKS! There are plenty of reasonably priced secondary market copies still available at online book sellers. Stay tuned to this site for future news on the revised edition!

Ever since its founding in the 1950s and its subsequent, stellar rise to global prominence, collectors have been fascinated with the singular modeling and attention to detail in Lladró Spanish porcelain figurines. Eventually, collectors discovered that Lladró wasn't just one brand, but several. At the same time, other companies began to sprout up all over Spain, particularly around Lladró's own region in Valencia, working "in the Lladró style" and hoping to catch a ride on the tailwinds of its popularity. This book is written to acquaint readers with retired figurines in all the Lladró and Lladró-affiliated brands and to help distinguish them from the work of other Spanish companies. The book features substantive chapters on the Lladró "core brand," NAO by Lladró, Zaphir, Golden Memories, Rosal, and Hispania, complete with representative photos for each brand.

Retail Price: $29.95

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